Inequalities and Structural Transformation in Tanzania

This article describes the various domains in which inequality manifests itself in Tanzania. It outlines the key drivers of inequalities as including wide income gaps, unemployment and a collusion between political and businesses elites that creates political capture and patronage, thus fueling corruption and diverting resources from essential services. The article points out a correlation between access to education and income inequality, and highlights the fact that, despite marginal reduction in poverty, inequality is on the rise.

 


Structural Transformation and Inequality: Evidence from Nigeria

This article highlights that the persistent high levels of poverty and inequality are being mainly propelled by the structure of the Nigerian economy and the inability of annual public expenditure, despite its large size, to guarantee improved access to functional facilities and social services. It also illustrates how the emerging structural transformation, led by the services sector, needs to be consolidated and properly managed in order to promote sustainable development, including the eradication of poverty and the reduction of inequality.

 


Nature and Dynamics of Inequalities in Ghana

This article analyzes forms, structure, drivers and Implications of inequalities in Ghana; examines its political economy and suggests remedial policy options and challenges. Regarding economic inequalities, it shows that despite a general reduction in the incidence of income poverty, its depth has increased: with a wider income distribution gap between the poorest and richest households; marked disparities between the well-endowed South and the impoverished North; and a gendered bias in the distribution of wealth assets. Overall, the non-diversified nature of Ghana’s recent rapid growth has not boosted employment or reduced inequalities.
 


The Role of Women in Promoting Peace and Development

The 10th annual SIRC/LuHAF conference on the Horn of Africa focused on the role of women in promoting peace and development, and set out to:Raise awareness of women’s needs and situation in the Horn of Africa, Raise awareness of Horn of African governments’ social service expenditures,Raise awareness of UNSCR 1325 and 1820 in a Horn of African context,Promote the inclusion of Horn of African women in the decision-making positions in their respective governments, as well as in regional and international organizations,Promote women’s (memberships) positions in governmental decision-making institutions,Promote the participation of Horn of African women in conflict prevention and resolution processes,Promote networking between Horn of African women’s peace organizations, and other stakeholders and Promote maintenance and protection of the due process of law and constitutionalism in the Horn of Africa


The Predicament Facing Somalia’s Minority Women

After decades of violence and instability, tentative progress is being made in Somalia to strengthen the country’s governance and democratic institutions. Yet one group in particular remains largely excluded – Somalia’s sizeable but unrecognized population of minority women. The double discrimination they face, both as minority members in Somalia’s hierarchical clan system and as women in a society dominated by men, risks leaving them sidelined, even if this progress is sustained.

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Gender in Somalia

UNDP Somalia strives to address gender equality and women’s empowerment in an effective and coherent manner. The Country Programme Document for 2011 to 2015 provides a framework within which to implement the mandates of gender mainstreaming in the country programme overall and responds directly to the acute challenges faced by Somali women today. UNDP is tackling some of the most recurrent aspects of discrimination through strategic attention to the most vulnerable men, women, girls and boys, with the ultimate goal of contributing to the achievement of human development and gender equality.

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Gender Profile for Somalia

The EC Somalia Operations Unit in collaboration with Member States and Norway commissioned a comprehensive Country Gender Profile (CGP) as part of the preparation of its Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for Somalia in order to ensure that issues and challenges associated with gender are taken into account and mainstreamed in the programmes. The full CGP document, of which this is a brief summary, forms one of the CSP supporting documents.

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Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment Strategy

The UNDP Country Office for Somalia (CO) has since 2010 been re-positioning itself for a more effective and coherent response to gender equality and women’s empowerment in its programmes. While CO programming to date has been informed by significant efforts to ensure gender sensitivity and gender responsiveness, the current move is to upscale to more gender transformative programming i.e. by addressing the causes of gender inequality through strategic actions that seek to transform the unequal power relations between men and women resulting in improved status of women and gender equality.

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Gender in Somalia

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Somalia strives to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment in an effective and coherent manner across all programmes. The Country Programme Document for 2011–2015 provides a framework within which to implement the mandates of gender mainstreaming in the country programme overall and responds directly to the acute challenges faced by Somali women today. UNDP is tackling some of the most recurrent aspects of discrimination through strategic focus on the most vulnerable men,women, girls and boys, with the ultimate goal of contributing to the achievement of human development and gender equality. This Gender brief is designed to provide an overall picture on the situation of women in Somalia today and is meant to be used by UNDP staff,consultants and any other stakeholders looking for information on issues related to gender equality and women’s empowerment in Somalia.

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Guide on Somalia

This National Gender Policy is developed at a time when Somalia is emerging from over two decades of destructive civil war that has destroyed social, political and economic structures of the country. The conflict has impacted both men and women differently. for instance, both women and men have lost state protection, lost loved ones, lost livelihoods and access to social services. It is worth noting that the conflict has emasculated Somali men and can no longer discharge their responsibilities as expected by their society.
However, Somali women were disproportionately affected by the conflict. They have borne the brunt of the conflict. Unlike men, women have encountered gender-based violence. Despite the negative impacts of the conflict, Somali women became the primary income providers for their families and resumed new roles and responsibilities to maintain the basic survival of their families. Yet, women are marginalized from the decision-making processes.

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