Report of The Commission on the Post 2015 Development Agenda: Towards an African Common Position and Modalities For Establishment Of A Committee of Heads of State and Government on Report of the Commission on the Post 2015 Development Agenda: Towards An African Common Position and Modalities for Establishment of a Committee of Heads of State And Government on The Post 2015 Development Agenda

With less than 1,000 days until 2015, the discourse is shifting from an exclusive focus on achieving the MDGs to reflections and debate on the defining elements of the  successor framework—the post-2015 development agenda. Africa’s performance on the MDGs provides useful pointers for the agenda. Stakeholders would like to see inclusive growth that creates employment and livelihood opportunities, especially for the  continent’s young. Stakeholders have identified structural economic transformation,  human development, financing and partnerships, and technology and innovation as the priority areas for responding to these challenges in the post-2015 development agenda.


The Determinants of Earnings Inequalities: Panel data evidence from South Africa

 

This paper explores the relative importance of individual ability and labour market institutions, including public sector wage setting and trade unions, in determining earnings differences across different types of employment. To do this the study uses the KwaZulu-Natal Income Dynamics Study data from South Africa, which show extremely large average differentials across different types of employment. The results suggest that human capital and individual ability explain much of the earnings differentials within the private sector, including the union premium but cannot explain the large premiums for public sector workers. The study shows that public sector premium exists only for those moving into the public sector.


Beyond the Enclave: Towards a Pro-Poor and Inclusive Development Strategy for Zimbabwe

This book argues that the post-independence policies have failed to address the inherited enclave structure of the economy, resulting in the continued marginalization of the majority of the population and the entrenchment of poverty. By 2004, instead of the economy being formalized, four out of every five jobs were informalized, with the decent-work deficits that this implies. This is the underlying factor behind the current crisis. The solution should therefore be steeped in the adoption of people-driven policies that redress this enclave  and dual structure to achieve inclusive growth and human development





Book: Poverty Reduction and Changing Policy Regimes in Botswana

This book examines how Botswana overcame the legacies of exceptional resource deficiency, colonial neglect and a harsh physical environment to transform itself from one of the poorest nations of the world to a middle-income economy. It reviews the interactions of economic, social and institutional policies and how these reinforced one another to significantly reduce the number of people living in poverty. In particular it illustrates how the chosen development strategies consistently tied social and economic policies to achieve, on the one hand, redistribution, protection and reproduction and, on the other, investment in production and human capabilities.

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Poverty, Inequality, and Geographic Targeting: Evidence from Small-Area Estimates in Mozambique

Typical living standards surveys can provide a wealth of information about welfare levels, poverty, and other household and individual characteristics. However, these estimates are necessarily at a high level of aggregation, because such surveys usually include only a few thousand households, with coarse spatial stratification. Larger databases, such as national censuses, provide sufficient observations for more disaggregated analysis, but typically collect very little socioeconomic information. This paper combines data from the 1996–97 Mozambique National Household Survey of Living Conditions with the 1997 National Population and Housing Census to generate small-area (subdistrict) estimates of welfare, poverty, and inequality, with the associated standard errors. These small-area estimates are then used to explore several dimensions of poverty and inequality in Mozambique, particularly with regard to geographical targeting of antipoverty efforts


Beating the Odds Sustaining Inclusion in Mozambique’s Growing Economy

This assessment, reflecting poverty’s many dimensions in Mozambique, combines multiple disciplines and diagnostic tools to explore poverty. It draws on a combination of approaches and tools from three separate analytical diagnostics developed by the World Bank—Poverty Assessment,Country Gender Assessment, and Country Social Analysis. It uses monetary, human, and social indicators and combines quantitative and qualitative approaches to understand trends in poverty and the dynamics that shape them. The objective is to support the development and implementation of pro-poor policies that really work by taking poverty’s multiple dimensions into account
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