Report of The Commission on the Post 2015 Development Agenda: Towards an African Common Position and Modalities For Establishment Of A Committee of Heads of State and Government on Report of the Commission on the Post 2015 Development Agenda: Towards An African Common Position and Modalities for Establishment of a Committee of Heads of State And Government on The Post 2015 Development Agenda
With less than 1,000 days until 2015, the discourse is shifting from an exclusive focus on achieving the MDGs to reflections and debate on the defining elements of the successor framework—the post-2015 development agenda. Africa’s performance on the MDGs provides useful pointers for the agenda. Stakeholders would like to see inclusive growth that creates employment and livelihood opportunities, especially for the continent’s young. Stakeholders have identified structural economic transformation, human development, financing and partnerships, and technology and innovation as the priority areas for responding to these challenges in the post-2015 development agenda.
This paper explores the relative importance of individual ability and labour market institutions, including public sector wage setting and trade unions, in determining earnings diﬀerences across diﬀerent types of employment. To do this the study uses the KwaZulu-Natal Income Dynamics Study data from South Africa, which show extremely large average diﬀerentials across diﬀerent types of employment. The results suggest that human capital and individual ability explain much of the earnings diﬀerentials within the private sector, including the union premium but cannot explain the large premiums for public sector workers. The study shows that public sector premium exists only for those moving into the public sector.
This book argues that the post-independence policies have failed to address the inherited enclave structure of the economy, resulting in the continued marginalization of the majority of the population and the entrenchment of poverty. By 2004, instead of the economy being formalized, four out of every five jobs were informalized, with the decent-work deficits that this implies. This is the underlying factor behind the current crisis. The solution should therefore be steeped in the adoption of people-driven policies that redress this enclave and dual structure to achieve inclusive growth and human development
This presentation reviews Zambia’s experience in promoting inclusive growth. Despite positive and stable growth in recent years and immense untapped potential in agriculture, mining and services, Zambia’s poverty rates have not declined.
The Poverty and Inequality Planning Group (PIPG) was established by the University to assist with helping to conceptualize what form an initiative around poverty and inequality could take. The PIPG hopes to get to the core issues and define poverty and inequality more broadly than merely meeting people’s basic needs.
This book examines how Botswana overcame the legacies of exceptional resource deficiency, colonial neglect and a harsh physical environment to transform itself from one of the poorest nations of the world to a middle-income economy. It reviews the interactions of economic, social and institutional policies and how these reinforced one another to significantly reduce the number of people living in poverty. In particular it illustrates how the chosen development strategies consistently tied social and economic policies to achieve, on the one hand, redistribution, protection and reproduction and, on the other, investment in production and human capabilities.
This paper applies small area estimation techniques to Mozambican data to develop high resolution (sub-district level) poverty and inequality maps.
Typical living standards surveys can provide a wealth of information about welfare levels, poverty, and other household and individual characteristics. However, these estimates are necessarily at a high level of aggregation, because such surveys usually include only a few thousand households, with coarse spatial stratification. Larger databases, such as national censuses, provide sufficient observations for more disaggregated analysis, but typically collect very little socioeconomic information. This paper combines data from the 1996–97 Mozambique National Household Survey of Living Conditions with the 1997 National Population and Housing Census to generate small-area (subdistrict) estimates of welfare, poverty, and inequality, with the associated standard errors. These small-area estimates are then used to explore several dimensions of poverty and inequality in Mozambique, particularly with regard to geographical targeting of antipoverty efforts