Trade Policy And Gender Inequalities: A Country-Based Analysis

Trade Policy And Gender Inequalities:  A Country-Based Analysis
The paper presents the results of three country case studies which analyze the relationship between trade policy, gender equality and overall development; and make “evidence-based” policy recommendations. The country case studies were created to “map” the gendered effects of trade in each country, while testing three different methodologies.

Relationship between Objective and Subjective Horizontal Inequalities: Evidence from five African countries.

Relationship between Objective and Subjective Horizontal Inequalities: Evidence from five African countries.

While the quantitative studies on horizontal inequalities and violent conflict have contributed enormously towards establishing the relationship between these two concepts, the operationalization of horizontal inequalities in objective terms is to some extent problematic because people act on the basis of their perceptions of the world they live in, and these perceptions may differ substantially from the ‘objective’ reality. The question to what extent objective and subjective horizontal inequalities are consistent in practice is an important empirical question, which this paper explores in five African countries: Ghana, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Nigeria and Kenya.

Jobs, Justice and Equity. Africa Progress Report 2012

Jobs, Justice and Equity. Africa Progress Report 2012

This year’s report at three of the most critical  ingredients for transforming a promising economic upturn into a sustained recovery and lasting human  development – jobs, justice and equity. The report highlights jobs because livelihoods play such a fundamental role in people’s life-chances – and because Africa urgently needs to create jobs for a growing youth population. It also highlights justice and equity because they are missing from the lives of too many Africans, making the present growth socially unsustainable.

Is inequality in Africa really different

Is inequality in Africa really different

High inequality in Africa is something of a paradox: The paper’s hypothesis is that African inequality is politically determined. Yet in the empirical analysis, despite the introduction of several political variables, there is still an inequality-increasing “Africa effect” linked to ethnic fractionalization.

Inequality In Sub-Saharan Africa: A synthesis of recent research on the levels, trends, effects and determinants of inequality in its different dimensions

Inequality In Sub-Saharan Africa:  A synthesis of recent research on the levels, trends, effects and determinants of inequality in its different dimensions

The purpose of this synthesis is to provide a review of recent research on income and non-income inequality within countries in sub-Saharan Africa by African research institutions. This includes research conducted by both national and regional institutions and by international agencies in the African region. The review is to be used as a basis for an inter-regional synthesis of work on inequality by Southern institutions, which will in turn identify the gaps in the existing body of work to be addressed in future work. It will also be used to identify Southern institutions working on inequality that can contribute to policy development.

Inequality and the Impact of Growth on Poverty: Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Inequality and the Impact of Growth on Poverty: Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

This study explores the extent to which inequality affects the impact of income growth on the rates of poverty changes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) compared to non-SSA, based on a global sample of 1977-2004 unbalanced panel data. For both regions and all three measures of poverty – headcount, gap and squared gap – the paper finds the impact of GDP growth on poverty reduction to be a decreasing function of initial inequality.

Inequality and Social Conflict Over Land in Africa

Inequality and Social Conflict Over Land in Africa

The paper proposes that reports of pervasive competition and conflict over land in sub-Saharan Africa belie a current image of negotiable and adaptive customary systems of landholding and land use but, instead, reveal processes of exclusion, deepening social divisions and class formation.

Inequalities and Equity in Africa

Inequalities and Equity in Africa

Drawing on large-sample surveys in five comparable Sub-Saharan African countries, the authors have produced a first-ever measurement of the inequality of opportunities in Africa, alongside inequalities in resources and living standards. The paper sets out to make a detailed analysis of five of these societies, focusing on inequalities of income and access to other resources required for economic activity, such as land, education and health. The aim of this essentially descriptive exercise is to make a certain number of observations regarding the level and structures of the inequalities. It is innovative in that it makes the first-ever comparative and controlled measurement of the extent of the intergenerational transmission of resources and its contribution to the observed inequalities.

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