Gender Inequalities in Kenya

The papers in this volume are a selection of those presented at the Conference on Understanding Gender Inequalities in Kenya, held at Egerton University, Kenya, from 5th to 8th April 2004. It explores the many dimensions of women’s subordination and to discuss ways of confronting the entrenched legacy of male domination.


Fair Play: Inequality Across Kenya’s Counties and what it Means for Revenue Sharing

In this brief, Twaweza partner the International Budget Partnership (IBP) looks at fairness broadly, through the lives of four Kenyans. It looks at fairness around three concepts. i: Need ii. Capacity iii.Effort. IBP looks at the actual state of affairs in Kenya. The brief tries to understand what the principles mean in the real world of Kenya’s national and county governments. IBP collects and reports data on the situation in Kenya today, at the outset of devolution. The brief then looks at the distribution of inequalities and what it means for resource sharing. The brief also highlights the large and critical data gaps that exist and recommend further collection and publication of data. Finally, IBP considers the transition period to full devolution and what “holding harmless” could mean in the Kenyan context.


Enabling an Inclusive Private Sector in Burundi. Opportunities and Constraints

This paper examines the status of Burundi’s private enterprise and the environment in which it operates. This paper considers the priority requirements to jumpstart and maintain sustainable private enterprise activity that is high growth, enables Burundi to achieve high rates of GDP growth over the long term, provides economic benefit throughout the population, and is highly inclusive of Burundi’s population.

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Emerging Discourses On Inequality In Kenya And Implications For Policy And Politics: A Preliminary Account

The issues discussed in this paper represent the author’s own synthesis of the discourse that has arisen subsequent to “Pulling Apart”. This synthesis is drawn from studies that have been conducted (or are being conducted) and public forums that have been held on the subject. It is neither comprehensive nor conclusive but it provides a flavour of the debate.

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Does Inequality Cause Conflict?

This paper suggests that economic inequality is important to explaining civil conflict, but that the links are not as direct as is often supposed. It is important to focus on the variety of ways in which inequalities are managed by societies, and the significance of varying kinds of inequality. It is also important to understand the transmission mechanisms that enable a relatively peaceable durable inequality to turn into a violent conflict. These considerations, together with the poor quality of the available inequality data, should make us more cautious about the conclusions reached by cross-country empirical studies into the causes of conflict which ascribe a strong predictive power to measures of inequality.

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Development Finance And Inequality Good Practice In Ecuador, Rwanda And Thailand

This report examines reforms in Rwanda, Ecuador, and Thailand that may be contributing to reduced inequality. In Rwanda, aid reform led to a better financed education sector. Fiscal policies in Ecuador have become more progressive and targeted to the poor, and tax revenues are more efficiently collected. Thailand, already a health leader in South East Asia, instituted a policy of universal health coverage in 2002 and, since then, has significantly improved access to health services

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Class Formation and Inequality in Kenya

This paper reviews the links between social stratification and public policy since the creation of Kenya as a political entity by the British. It is a literature review of theoretical literature and historical policy document. It is argued that the establishment of a ‘predatory’ capitalist system by administrative and legal decisions first of the colonizing power and followed by the post-independence government has been crucial to the emergence of economic stratification characterized by gross inequality and widespread poverty.


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