The Government of Kenya has made deliberate efforts to decentralize development planning over the past ten years. However, it is the enactment of the Constitution of Kenya 2010 that has put public finance management (PFM) at the center of policy reforms aimed at ensuring fiscal efficiency and discipline in the use of public finances for the betterment of Kenyans. These reforms are heralded through the Public Financial Management Act No. 18 of 2012. The Act aims to promote openness, accountability and public participation in the management of public finances; promote equity and equality at both national and county levels; ensure prudent and responsible use of public resources; ensure responsible financial management with clear reporting; among others.
Emerging literature indicates that budgetary policies are likely to affect men and women differently, since they play different roles in the society and also demonstrate different consumer behavior. There have been concerns worldwide that tax policy is biased against women because it tends to increase the incidence of taxation of the poorest women while failing to generate enough revenue to fund the programmes needed to improve these women’s lives.
This publication presents the findings of a study on the gender responsive budgeting process and how it can be applied to Kenya’s planning process. The document contains a good review of the gender responsive initiatives in Kenya, spelling out the key requirements for the successful gender mainstreaming of budgets in Kenya. It is widely recognized that certain actions contribute to gender responsive budgeting initiatives being owned and implemented successfully in certain countries. This publication presents some of the success stories from around the globe, which can be useful ‘take-aways’ especially for policy makers and policy implementation institutions working in the realm of gender mainstreaming in Kenya
SID undertook a study to analyze the performance of past devolved funds in Kenya with the aim of documenting best practices, challenges faced and lessons learned. All these are expected to serve as a useful guide in implementing the new public financial management system. A key issue the study sought to identify is an understanding of the formation and composition of previous devolved funds; how well did these funds mitigate the inequities and inequalities in Kenyan society; how were the benefits of the funds shared by communities, as well what the potential revenue the counties have a review of their performance in revenue generation and use of the local authority funds. The study documents how potential for revenue generation by different counties in Kenya will impact their public financial resources, and also how gender equity and equality can be enhanced. The lessons learned from this research have very important policy implications for the devolved government system in Kenya
After many years of debate, Kenya finally promulgated a new constitution in August 2010, among its most significant departures from its predecessor being the provision of devolution of governance to 47 counties. Constitutional devolution responds to demands for substantive decentralization, which grew out of decades of real or perceived unjust inequalities – vertically among individuals and horizontally across counties– attributed rightly or wrongly to bad centralized governance. Devolution implies the democratic and consulted management of development, which should improve attention to grassroots needs, including gender-based disadvantages. Yet, the anticipated benefits of devolution depend on the equitable sharing of resources based on sound data, as well as the improved community participation capacities, including by women.
This publication, launched in Nairobi on 15 May 2007, analyses inequality from the perspectives of 8 different sectors of Kenya’s economy. Contributions have been made by some of the leading experts in Kenya. As the first volume in this planned series of publications on inequality in the region, this book carries on from Pulling Apart: Facts and Figures on Inequality in Kenya, which was launched in October 2004 and looked at the status of inequality in Kenya. The publications are part of SID’s programme on Rich and Poor: National Discourses on Poverty, Inequality and Growth .
This publication is part of the Rich and Poor: National Discourses on Poverty, Inequality and Growth Project (RAPP). Basing its contents exclusively on secondary sources, the report captures the facts and presents the portrait of the unequal development of a nation.
The report is attempt to audit Kenya’s Vision 2030 from both an income inequalities and a gender inequalities perspective, and to assess the ability of the Vision to respond to both of these persistent development challenges. The publication is intended to help build understandings of government actors engaged in development planning and resource allocation, as well as their partners in civil society and the private sector, on the impacts of inequalities on development performance generally and specifically.
This study looks at equity in four sectors: Trade, Media, Education, and Labour. Differing levels of development among the partner states and their respective economies, and differing policies in the various sectors of these countries, have and will inevitably result in imbalances. However, it is the manner in which these asymmetries are managed – in the distribution of benefits and costs, and the sensitivity we demonstrate when they occur that will determine their disruptive or constructive effect. As the regional economies continue to grow, as businesses and firms continue to expand, the EAC and its countries must confront the question of inequality and poverty. Investing heavily in the education, which is a natural equalizer, is vital.