This paper reviews recent research on income and non-income inequalities within countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It concentrates on research conducted by national and regional institutions and by international agencies in the region. Research on income inequality in Africa is a recent phenomenon. Most studies began in the early 1990s, with the increased availability of household budget surveys for countries in the region. The advent of PRSPs and MDGs, which moved the debate towards issues of pro-poor growth, also required discussion on the nature and trends of income inequality. Another reason was the lessons coming from a number of countries that although growth may be necessary, it was not sufficient to reduce poverty.
In the wake of the global financial crisis, many developed and developing country
governments are prioritizing stability at the individual financial institutions and systemic level by strengthening financial regulation. Even though the latter is important to make financial systems more robust, its contribution to inclusive growth might be insufficient, especially in poor countries.
The focus of this proposed research is low-income countries (LICs), in SubSaharan Africa (SSA). Ethiopia has been selected alongside Kenya, Nigeria and Ghana for the case study based on their differences (financial structures, and approaches to financial regulation) and potential to generalize findings to other LICs. Ethiopia is a small open, rapidly growing economy with shallow financial sector and low coverage of financial services. In addition, there is a lack of more sophisticated financing mechanisms such as leasing, equity funds, etc. On top of
that, the financial sector is highly regulated and closed from foreign competition.Financial soundness indicators revealed that the financial sector in the country is profitable and stable.
This brief explores the education dimensions of spatial inequality in Ghana and examines the model secondary schools policy, which was recently adopted by the Government of Ghana (GoG) in an attempt to address this disparity. The first section of the brief briefly outlines the development, poverty and inequality context in Ghana. The second section examines regional inequality and the education dimension of regional inequality in Ghana. The third section discusses the model secondary schools programme, which has been developed by GoG to specifically address geographic disparities in education and discusses the potential for this policy to reduce regional disparities in education in Ghana.
This paper covers questions about growth and equity, it gives background information on Uganda, challenges the country is facing in achieving growth and equity, and tries to asses policies that can be set to achieve the inclusive growth agenda.