Despite the emergence of a black middle class in South Africa, it is still among the world’s most unequal societies. Nelson Mandela’s legacy of tolerance formed the basis of South Africa’s democracy, but profound inequalities inherited from decades of racial segregation linger. The country’s first black President oversaw the transition of a deeply polarised society while reaching out to former oppressors, notably by having tea with the widow of the architect of apartheid’s white minority rule.
The poor in East Africa largely live in rural areas or in the slums of major towns and cities, with a sizeable number of the fortunately employed receiving a wage just below the poverty line. Health or medical care is an elusive matter with no health insurance cover while children face a 40 to 80higher chance of dying before their fifth birthday compared to their richer compatriots
The grandmothers in sub-Saharan Africa face triple jeopardy caused by gender, age and exposure to both communicable and non-communicable diseases that are associated with aging. Many are affected and infected by HIV/AIDS, malaria and TB. At the same time they are invisible in the statistics and often in the public consciousness. They are impacted on many levels by gender inequalities that are intersected by the stigma of aging.
The richest 100 South Africans now own a collective total of R198.6 billion, up by 10 percent from the previous year,” said Congress of SA Trade Unions spokesman Patrick Craven
Various studies have shown that Botswana is one of the most unequal countries in the world. Botswana’s income inequality, with a Gini Index in excess of 0.5, is one of the highest in the world.
At present, the highest paid senior public servant is the Permanent Secretary to the President (PSP), Eric Molale, who earns P47,380 per month. With the three percent increase, Molale will earn about P48,801.40. Permanent Secretaries currently earn P41,200 per month. With the three percent salary increase, they will smile all the way to the bank to rake in P42,436. This is in contrast to what the lowest paid public workers are remunerated. If these workers are lucky to get the three percent, they will have only P41 more than what they have been earning
Quick facts of inequality in Kenya